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Thursday, April 11, 2019

David Escapes Saul and Goes to Samuel



David Escapes Saul and Goes to Samuel

         Saul’s attempts to kill David have been thwarted by David dodging his spear, and warning by Jonathan and by Michal, Saul's son and daughter. Saul’s fourth attempt to kill David is thwarted by Samuel. David began his anointing with Samuel. He will return to Samuel probably for advice, strengthening of his faith, comfort, rest and prayer.
David reported to Samuel what Saul had done to him.Three times, Saul sends his men to take David. However, when Saul’s men saw a group of prophets with Samuel as the leader prophesying, the Spirit of the Lord came upon Saul’s men and they too prophesied. They forgot about their mission. God intervened! As Saul intensified his pursuit of David, God intensified the power of His Spirit against him. Finally, Saul himself went to get David, but the spirit of prophecy fell upon him also.V23 Saul “stripped off his robes and prophesied in Samuel’s presence. He lay that way all that day and all that night.” V24 Saul stripped off his royal robes and lay bare before God indicating humility and openness.
        Saul’s jealousy of David escalated to envy, then anger and then wanting to take David’s life.These sins of Saul became his bondage and ultimately led to his  death. “The wages of sin is death.” Romans 6:23

David Goes to Jonathan Again
       Eventually, David leaves Samuel’s place to go to Ramah to see Jonathan. David seeks counsel from those he trusts in the Lord. David asked, “What have I done? What is my crime? How have I wronged your father, that he is trying to take my life?” 1 Samuel 20:1 David’s humility is displayed once again. He wants to find out if there is anything he has done to cause Saul’s desire to kill him. David trusted Jonathan. They have a deep covenant bond because of their love of God and each other like spiritual brothers. Proverbs 18:24: A man who has friends, must himself be friendly, but there is a friend who sticks closer than a brother.” Jesus tells us who are His mother, sisters and brothers in Mathew 12:48-49, “Whoever does the will of My Father in heaven is My brother and sister and mother.”
 Jonathan doesn’t believe that his father is still trying to kill David. Jonathan wants to believe the best about his father. But David swears an oath to Jonathan that this is true. It was Saul’s custom to not do anything without informing his son Jonathan. Jonathan is surprised by what David is telling him. David tells Jonathan that the reason that Saul probably didn't tell his son is because he knows that Jonathan is David’s friend and cares about him. Therefore, Saul didn’t want Jonathan to know his plans because it would grieve Jonathan and Jonathan would probably warn David.  Jonathan now believes David and tells him that he will do whatever David wants him to do to help.
David has a plan. David is to dine with Saul at the New Moon Festival. David will hide and not show up until the evening of the day after tomorrow. If your father misses me at all, tell him, “David earnestly asked my permission to hurry to Bethlehem, his hometown because an annual sacrifice is being made there for his whole clan.” 20:5-6 If Saul says this is okay then Jonathan will know David is safe. But if Saul loses his temper, Jonathan will know that Saul is determined to harm David. David then tells Jonathan to be honest with him because they made covenant with each other before the Lord. V8 David goes on to say to Jonathan, “If I am guilty, then kill me yourself! Why hand me over to your father?” “Never!” Jonathan said. “If I had the least inkling that my father was determined to harm you, wouldn’t I tell you?” David asked, “Who will tell me if your father answers you harshly?” Jonathan swears to God and David that he will warn David either way. If he doesn’t, Jonathan said, “May the Lord deal with me, be it ever so severely.”

Jonathan asks that the Lord be with David and then wants David to promise that he will “show Jonathan unfailing kindness like that of the Lord as long as I live, so that I may not be killed, and do not ever cut off your kindness from my family – not even when the Lord has cut off every one of David’s enemies from the face of the earth.” Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, “May the Lord call David’s enemies to account.” And Jonathan had David reaffirm his oath out of love for him, because he loved him as he loved himself. 20:14-17 Again, Jonathan and David made a covenant oath to each other before God. David honored this oath with Mephibosheth. (see 2 Samuel 9:10)
The Law in Leviticus 19:18 said, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself,” and Jesus said  in Matthew 19:19; 23:29 and Mark 12:31, “Love the Lord your God with all your heart with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength. The second is this, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” In Mark, Jesus added, “There is no greater commandment than these.” When a “word” is spoken three times, it is established. (see Matthew 18:16) Jonathan and David lived this.The Law said that the Israelites should love their neighbor as themselves, but Jesus started with loving the Lord with all our heart, soul, mind and strength. Then we are to love our neighbor as ourselves. It is in loving God with all our heart, soul, mind and strength and learning of His pure, perfect love that enables us to love our neighbors as ourselves.


Tuesday, March 19, 2019

Covenant Oath between David and Jonathan -- 1 Samuel 18:2


Jonathan and David were friends because they walked together in agreement. They were of like character and purpose as Christians are to be with Christ. Like David, Jonathan was full of faith in God, courageous in battle, a loyal friend, tender and capable of deep love. Even though Jonathan was torn between devotion to his father Saul, he offered love and encouragement to his friend David. No doubt, Jonathan never gave up hope that one day his father would return to the Lord. He stayed with Saul to the end, fighting beside him even to his death. Jonathan gave his life for David. The death of Saul and Jonathan opened the door for David to sit on the throne, just as Jesus’ death opened the door for all who love and follow Him to be seated on the throne with Him. God’s last will and testament is the New Covenant of salvation by the blood of Jesus Christ, which gives us our inheritance with the Father and Him.

Covenant Oath between David and Jonathan – 1 Samuel 18:2
David and Jonathan made a covenant oath between them before God. Neither of them will renege on that oath. After making his covenant with David, Jonathan remained faithful and true to his friend David. He was a peacemaker. He tried to bring reconciliation between Saul and David when Saul’s jealousy and rage against David brought division. He warned David to flee because his father was trying to kill him. Jonathan risked repercussions from Saul on his own life by vindicating his friend David. Ultimately, Jonathan’s final gift to David was his life. He laid down his life for his friend. Unselfish love is the root of noble and courageous character. Jonathan’s heart was so knitted together with David’s that they became one heart in the Lord. Jonathan loved David more than his own soul as Jesus loves us more than our own soul. Jesus proved this in His willingness to die on the cross for us. He laid down His life for us – His friends – and gave us all the inheritance that is rightfully His through His Father. In type and shadow Jonathan’s love for David, God’s anointed king, was a picture of what Christ the King of kings did for all who receive Him.

David will not Return Evil for Evil
     The Bible says that David did “whatever Saul sent him to do and did it successfully.” David was submitted to authority and successful in all that Saul asked him to do.  David was a good and faithful servant! This caused Saul to give David a high rank in the army of Israel. This pleased all the people, and Saul’s officers as well.” 1 Samuel 18:5b David would not allow his heart to be hardened against Saul. David had served Saul unconditionally, but Saul wants to kill David!
      When Christians are faced by unjust treatment by someone, we must not only consider ourselves but also the honor of God. The action we take should bring honor to God as well as the Body of Christ. Even though Saul mistreated David, David dealt with Saul with respect. Despite Saul’s treatment of David, he continued to minister to Saul until the threat became so great that David had to flee.
        But “all Israel and Judah loved David, because he led them into victory in their battles.” Love casts out fear! Instead of fearing David, Saul should have feared God. God’s people saw David’s courage and that God was with him.  David quickly became popular both among the people and among the leaders (Saul’s servants). David had military valor and victory. The women rejoiced and celebrated and gave David more honor than Saul. This caused anger and jealousy to rise up in Saul. He feared David because God was with him.18:12  Saul also saw his own inadequacy next to David.
The celebration of David’s victory was not because David was a yes-man or people-pleaser. David did not seek this popularity and did not depend on popularity and adoration to get Saul’s appointment of a high rank in the army. David became popular because he was a man after God’s own heart” and people could see the courage, love, wisdom and peace of God in him.

Tuesday, February 26, 2019

Jonathan and David -- Part 2



Jonathan – Saul’s Son – 1 Samuel 19

        Jonathan and David typified the united love of Christ and His followers, and the type of love Christians are to have for Christ and for each other as we do God’s kingdom work. In the face of adversity, Jonathan and David grew closer and were loyal to each other. As Christians grow closer to Christ, they will also be united and loyal to one another.
Jonathan and David were friends because they walked together in agreement. They were of like character and purpose as Christians are to be with Christ. Like David, Jonathan was full of faith in God, courageous in battle, a loyal friend, tender and capable of deep love. Even though Jonathan was torn between devotion to his father Saul, he offered love and encouragement to his friend David. No doubt, Jonathan never gave up hope that one day his father would return to the Lord. He stay with Saul to the end, fighting beside him even to his death. He gave his life for David. The death of Saul and Jonathan opened the door for David to sit on the throne, just as Jesus’ death opened the door for all who love and follow Him to be seated on the throne with Him. God’s last will and testament is the New Covenant of salvation by the blood of Jesus Christ, which gives us our inheritance with the Father and Him.
       Jonathan and David were knitted together in a deep and abiding love and friendship because they had like characters. Both Jonathan and David had a deep commitment to God’s kingdom and His people. (see 1 Samuel  14:6; 17:47) They were humble, courageous and noble in character. Each was willing to lay down his life for his fellow man. Jonathan, like David and unlike his father Saul, trusted God for victory and was humble, loyal and willing to submit to God’s will. Though Jonathan’s natural heritage put him in line to succeed Saul, he submitted to God’s choice of king and supported him. Jonathan gave his all to David: his love, his inheritance to the throne of his father, his covenant, his honor, his garment, his weapons and lastly his life. Jesus too gave His all to His followers – His love, His grace, His peace, His joy, His life, His Spirit and His Heavenly Kingdom. Jesus loved us with His own life. Jesus is the Perfect Giver.

Jonathan and David show us that men can have a deep and tender relationship without any sexual attraction. The relationship between Jonathan and David has erroneously been depicted as a homosexual relationship. To twist this pure, God-driven, brotherly love relationship is a travesty and must hurt the pure love and heart of God.
Jonathan stripped himself of his royal robe, his armor and his weapons and gave them to David saying, “You will be the next king of Israel………God’s hand is upon you and these are rightfully yours.” Because Jonathan was surrendered to God, he saw God’s hand on David.  It was Jonathan’s deep faith and trust in God like David that motivated him. Jesus too stripped Himself of His royal garment to come to earth to redeem mankind and share His royalty with those who receive Him. Jesus in the greatest act of unselfish love laid down His life willingly at the cross for the sins of the whole world so that we could put on His royal robe of righteousness.
Both Jonathan and David had a deep commitment to God’s kingdom, His people and to each other. (see 1 Samuel  14:6; 17:47) Each was willing to lay down his life for his fellow man. Jonathan, like David and unlike his father Saul, trusted God for victory. He was willing to submit to God’s will. Though Jonathan’s natural heritage put him in line to succeed Saul, he submitted to God’s choice of king and supported him. Jonathan gave his all to David: his love, his inheritance to the throne of his father, his covenant, his honor, his garment, his weapons and lastly his life. Jesus, the greater One than Jonathan, too gave His all to His followers – His love, His grace, His peace, His joy, His life, His Spirit and His Heavenly Kingdom. Jesus loved us with His own life. Jesus is the Perfect Giver.
Jonathan and David were friends because they walked together in agreement. They were of like character and purpose as Christians are to be with Christ. Like David, Jonathan was full of faith in God, courageous in battle, a loyal friend, tender and capable of deep love. Even though Jonathan was torn between devotion to his father Saul and David, he offered love and encouragement to his friend David as Christ offers love and encouragement to us. No doubt, Jonathan never gave up hope that one day his father would return to the Lord. He stayed with Saul to the end, fighting beside him even to his death. Jonathan honored his earthly father, but he gave his life for David. The death of Saul and Jonathan opened the door for David to sit on the throne, just as Jesus’ death opened the door for all who love and follow Him to be seated on the throne with Him. God’s last will and testament is the New Covenant of salvation by the blood of Jesus Christ, which gives us our inheritance with the Father and Him.